Enzymes are substances that function as organic catalysts, in other words, they either start chemical reactions or make them run faster. They accomplish this while remaining unchanged themselves. Enzymes are composed of two parts, a protein portion called the apoenzyme and a nonprotein portion, either a coenzyme (organic) or cofactor (inorganic).
Here is a very important point.
Enzymes are present in every cell in both plants and animals; and are responsible for regulating the biochemical reactions necessary to sustain life
Enzymes are highly specific, both in the substrate they affect, and in the reactions they catalyze. They can exist both in active and in inactive forms, and many enzymes occur naturally in both active and inactive forms in cells.
They can, however, be permanently inactivated by altering their environmental conditions, such as pH or temperature.
Is acidophilus an enzyme?
No, acidophilus is a very beneficial bacteria that lives in the colon. It does aid in absorption of nutrients but it is not an enzyme and will not digest food in the stomach.
HOW DO ENZYMES AID IN DIGESTION?
Enzymes are an integral part of the digestive process. From the time food enters the mouth, enzymes are at work breaking the food down into smaller and smaller units until it can be absorbed through the intestinal wall. These enzymes come from two sources, those found in the food itself, and those produced in the body.
All raw food naturally contains the proper types and proportions of enzymes necessary to assist in the process of decomposition. In addition, when raw food is eaten, chewing ruptures the cell membranes and releases these indigenous food enzymes, many of which survive and contribute to the digestive process.
These enzymes include protease, which breaks long protein chains (polypeptides) into smaller amino acid chains and eventually into single amino acids, amylase that reduces large carbohydrates (starches and other polysaccharides) to disaccharides including sucrose, lactose, and maltose, lipase that digests fats (triglycerides) into free fatty acids and glycerol, and cellulase. Cellulase, which is not found in the human system, breaks the bonds found in fiber
Most food enzymes are essentially destroyed under the conditions used to cook and process food, leaving foods devoid of enzyme activity
Placing the full digestive burden on the body, the body's digestive process can become over-stressed. Digestive problems can result, causing improper digestion and malabsorption of nutrients that can have far reaching effects
Consequences of malabsorption can include impaired immunity, allergic reaction, poor wound healing, skin problems and mood swings. Supplemental enzymes can improve the level of digestion and help assure that the maximum level of nutrient absorption is attained.
Supplemental enzymes of microbial and plant origin work at the pH found in the upper stomach. Food sits in the upper portion of the stomach for as long as an hour before gastric secretions begin their action
Several studies have shown that the enzymes in saliva continue their digestive activity in the upper stomach and can digest up to 30% of the ingested protein, 60% of ingested starch and 10% of ingested fat during the 30 to 60 minutes after consumption
Although salivary enzymes accomplish a significant amount of digestion, their activity is limited to a pH level above 5.0. Supplemental microbial enzymes, and some plant enzymes, are active in the pH range of 3.0 to 9.0 and can facilitate the hydrolysis of a much larger amount of protein, carbohydrates and fat before Hydrochloric Acid is secreted in sufficient amounts to neutralize their activity.
Obviously, these enzymes can contribute significantly in improving food nutrient utilization.
Why are food enzymes missing in cooked and processed foods?
Modern food processing techniques and all types of cooking destroy nearly 100% of the enzymes naturally occurring in food. Enzymes are completely denatured when exposed to temperatures over 118 deg. for any length of time. The modern diet consisting of cooked and processed food is essentially devoid of active enzymes.
Can the importance of pre-digestion be substantiated?
Research shows that nearly all creatures including rodents, whales, canines and birds have distinct organs that enable the exogenous enzymes of food the necessary time to act, before initiating the body's own digestive process
For example, seeds and grains lie in a birds crop for eight to twelve hours, during which proteolytic and amylolytic enzymes in the seed begin hydrolyzing proteins and starch.
The food enzyme stomach concept in humans is supported by research on the extended activity of salivary amylase. The amylolytic activity of ptyalin alone can digest as much as 45% of the starch in a meal, before gastric secretions inhibit its action. Further studies in the 1940's showed that as much as 60% starch, 30% protein and 10% fat were digested before pepsin was activated.
Is supplementation really necessary?
The enzymes naturally present in food play an important role in digestion by helping to predigest the ingested food in the upper stomach before hydrochloric acid has even been secreted. This predigestion is hindered when food is cooked or processed because the enzymes are destroyed by the processing procedures
Placing the full digestive burden on the body, the body and its digestive process can become over-stressed and incomplete. As a result, vital nutrients may not be released from the food for assimilation by the body, and gastrointestinal problems may result.
The primary purpose of enzymes in supplement form is to enhance the enzymes available in raw food, and replace those enzymes lost when food is cooked or processed. In addition, supplementation enables more digestion to begin in the gastric region, easing the burden on the digestive system as a whole
The earlier that digestion can begin, the greater the likelihood that no undigested food will enter the colon where bacteria can feed upon it, causing such problems as gas and bloating
Nearly every pet can benefit from supplementation with enzymes. Even healthy dogs may improve their absorption and utilization of nutrients through the use of digestive enzymes
Of course the benefits will vary, depending upon the dogs diet and general health. Individuals in good health can expect to notice less fullness after meals, increased energy, faster emptying of the stomach contents, decreased gas, and more regular bowel habits.
What happens when food is not properly digested?
Over a century ago, Virchow described "digestive leukocytosis" a condition in which the white blood cell count increases after a meal. Further research by Kouchakoff identified cooked and processed foods as the causative factor.
Kouchakoff observed that raw food induced no change in WBC counts while cooked foods, particularly cooked meat, caused rapid increases in serum leukocyte levels. When incompletely digested food molecules are absorbed, the body identifies this particulate matter as foreign antigens and forms circulating immune complexes. The immune system then mobilizes macrophage leukocytes to digest the food.
Do Enzymes in Total-Zymes ® Survive Digestion?
The enzymes involved in digestion are very specific as to the type of food they break down, as well as the conditions under which they work. The process of chewing begins digestion by the action of salivary enzymes, predominantly salivary amylase that begins breaking down starch.
These enzymes along with others produced in the stomach, are active at a pH of around 5.0 and continue to break down starches and some fats in the upper part of the stomach until hydrochloric acid is released, lowering the pH to around 3.0.
At this point another enzyme, pepsin, becomes active, beginning protein digestion. As the food proceeds to the small intestine, the pH again rises, inactivating pepsin, but enabling other enzymes produced in the pancreas and small intestine to begin their work to complete the digestive process.
These enzymes are active in a more alkaline pH of between 6.0 and 8.0. The enzymes that are naturally present in raw food can assist in their own initial breakdown, but are also inactivated when the pH drops in the stomach.
Supplemental enzymes can be of great benefit in contributing to the digestive process.
However, supplemental enzymes of animal origin are only active in the alkaline pH of the intestine and risk being permanently inactivated or denatured in the lower pH of the gastric region
The enzymes in Total-Zymes® on the other hand not only survive the acid environment of the stomach, but also are active at that low pH.
This is where enzymes from microbial or plant origin can be a real advantage because they are stable and active throughout a broad pH range, from about 3.0 – 9.0.
Can Total-Zymes ® benefit working and active dogs?
Enzymes have been found to be a greatly beneficial ingredient when added to a working dogs nutritional program. Enzymes are natural catalysts which work in the body by hastening the breakdown of the foods which dogs consume, thus maximizing the utilization of the nutrients in the foods. Often working dogs are consuming a unique and controlled diet, high in proteins. These dogs can greatly benefit, both in comfort and in results with added enzymes to break down the high levels of proteins they are consuming. Thus, an addition of enzymes both hastens and maximizes the results of their specialized diets. Dogs such as sled dogs, bomb dogs and rescue dogs also benefit from the addition of extra enzymes to their diet for their anti-inflammatory properties. The ingestion of blends of enzymes containing specific proteolytic enzymes such as bromelain are very effective in relieving inflammation, thus hastening healing.
What are some short and long term benefits of Total-Zymes ®?
The benefits will vary depending upon the individual dog, diet, and general health. For the most part, pets experience less fullness after meals, faster emptying of stomach contents, decreased gas, less stool being passed, and more regular bowel habits. Most dog's systems work differently.
Try different doses until the desired effect is achieved. Increase in bowel movements may occur. This is normal because these enzymes are very stable, and retain activity in the intestinal tract. After 2 or 3 days, the system will be cleaned out, and then less stool will be passed.
This means that more food has been broken down and absorbed by the intestinal tract. After even large meals the heaviness and gas will decrease.
This is mostly due to the presence of undigested food in the colon, and the bacteria present cause the food to ferment, which produces gas. In addition, less energy is expended by the body to break down food. Which often results in your pet being more alert and energized.
Since the enzymes digest the food very quickly, food is passed out into the intestine faster, and acid production, which is triggered by the presence of food in the stomach is then reduced.
"The length of life is inversely proportional to the rate of exhaustion of the enzymes potential of an organism. The increased use of food enzymes promotes a decreased rate of exhaustion of the enzyme potential." The Enzyme Nutrition Axiom - Dr. Edward Howell (the father of enzyme nutrition) .
|ENZYMES FOR BETTER DIGESTION:
Total-Zymes® is THE ONLY pet enzyme formula that has 16 digestive enzymes and a delivery system.
By using Total-zymes® this will help with stool problems. It will also help making the stool smaller and you can feed your dog less because they will be digesting more food. .
Every pet can benefit from supplementation with enzymes. Even healthy pets may improve their absorption and utilization of nutrients through the use of digestive enzymes.
By using a supplemental enzyme on your pet's food you free up their body's digestive system. This helps with constipation or loose stools.
Caution Always check the labels: some enzyme products put beet root fiber in their formula as a filler. But yet they say they use no fillers read the label. This is an controversial ingredient that is made from sugar beets and put into dog products as a fiber filler. Avoid supplements with Beet root fiber
Total-Zymes® use beet root juice not fiber. The beet root juice in the product is not from sugar beets and supports the liver and the digestion process.
You can help maintain the proper balance of bacterial flora in your pets gut and thus, they can enjoy better health and vitality.
One scoop (approximately 625 mg) of each product per cup of pet food. A free scoop is inside every can of Total-Zymes® and Total-Biotics®. Put the amount of food to be treated in a container with a snap on lid.
Add one scoop of each formula for each cup of food. You can treat the entire days worth of kibble all at one time and then feed out of that container for all the meals that day.
You can treat, if you wish, only the kibble, but then add enough of both formulas to cover other foods such as canned or roll food that will be added to the dish that day.
Directions for raw fed pets:
Assuming that you are feeding only 100% raw meat with no potatoes, rice or vegetables that needs to be cooked. What I recommend for raw fed dogs is this. Cut the amount of Total-Zymes® to ¼ to ½ scoops per cup of raw food.
The benefit is, Total-Zymes® will replace the enzymes lost in grinding, freezing, storing and handling of the meat. Then the enzymes over and above what is needed to digest the food will be used systemically to combat inflammation and joint discomfort.
Those enzymes will also work on possible allergens such as pollen, dander, dust mite feces and more. It can also prevent a reaction with flea bite saliva; there is a protein in flea’s salvia that causes the itch.
Total-Biotics® on the other hand should be doubled to two scoops per cup of raw food.
This will insure your pet’s intestinal tract will remain well populated with good bacteria thus crowding out bad bacteria and yeasts. Because the meat is not a fresh kill, like it would be in the wild, (a squirrel or rabbit) and has been handled in a commercial meat packing plant the possibility of bacterial contamination is greater (E.Coli, salmonella ,etc.). Remember freezing does not kill bacteria.
We have many raw fed dog and cats that are thriving on this adjusted dosing of Total-Zymes® and Total-Biotics®
Any information provided is not veterinary advice and should not be substituted for a regular consultation with a veterinary professional. If you have any concerns about your pet's health, contact your veterinarian's office.
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